Nigeria: spy agency NIA at 36: challenges confronting intelligence gathering in the Third World, using Nigeria as point of departure.

    The Challenges of Intelligence Gathering in the Third World-ACritique of the Nexus between Poverty and Public Policy Process

    Abstract: This paper discusses  the  challenges  confronting  Intelligence  Gathering in the  Third  World, using Nigeria as point of departure. The study seeks to evaluate the  extent to which public policy  decision  makers  and  security  formations  have  usefully  harnessed  the  potentials  of Intelligence Gathering to the prevailing wave of preventive violent internal security challenges in  Nigeria;  which  are  currently  attracting  global  concern.  

    The  paper  adopts  descriptive methodology and desk research as its methodological orientation. However, the results of the analyses revealed that the basic principles of Intelligence Gathering, particularly those relating to Human Intelligence (HUMINT) that are expected to be effectively coordinated, harnessed and tactically utilized to curb the increasing rate of crimes and internal security crises in Nigeria, have been grossly compromised by security agencies and their informants.

    The study further revealed that the activities of the Nigeria Police Force, Department of State Service (DSS), National Intelligence Agency (NIA), Nigeria Security and Civil Defense Corps, the Nigerian Custom Services, the Nigerian Immigration Services, National Drug Law Enforcement Agency, etc  are  grossly  below  expectation  in  Human  Intelligence  Gathering  efforts.  

    The  paper  also argued that poor handling of Intelligence Gathering Techniques (HUMINT) largely accounts for abysmal failure of the Nigeria’s internal security programme implementation in the last decades.  This  further  explains  the  increasing  spate  of  internal  security  problems  currently witnessed  all  over  the  Nigeria’s  political  space.  

    The  paper,  therefore,  recommends  among others, the imperatives for restructuring of Intelligence Gathering structures, apparatuses and mechanisms  in  Nigeria;  that  will  not only  confront  the  factors  responsible  for  the  current systemic and institutional crises, but also reposition Intelligence Gathering framework in the efforts to redress violent threats to internal security across Nigeria. Keywords: Challenges,  Intelligence Gathering,  Information,  Poverty,  Public  Policy, Decision-making CONTINUE


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    Evarist Chahali

    Evarist Chahali

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