Oversight and governance of the Danish intelligence community
The study of intelligence communities, and oversight thereof, outside the English-speaking world remains relatively underdeveloped. One of the most instructive cases the Danish intelligence community and its oversight architecture. Denmark conforms to neither the ‘big bang’ of intelligence oversight during the 1970s and 1980s nor to subsequent security sector reform (SSR) amongst so-called ‘new democracies’ beyond broadly following Loch Johnson’s pattern of ‘fire-fighting’ oversight. Instead, the governance of Danish intelligence was shaped by specific features of Denmark’s constitution combined with legacies of the country’s experience of Nazi occupation, its geopolitical position during the Cold War and post-1945 social change.