The Meir Amit Intelligence and Terrorism Information Center's Spotlight on Global Jihad

    Main events of the past week
    • On March 22, 2022, a combined vehicular ramming and stabbing attack was carried out in Beersheba. Four people were killed. The perpetrator, who was killed by civilians at the scene, was a resident of Hura, a Bedouin township near Beersheba. He had been arrested in the past and served a prison sentence for supporting ISIS.
    • In Syria, activity focused on the desert region. Syrian army forces and fighters from the Al-Quds Brigade, a Palestinian militia supporting the Syrian regime, sustained losses. In the Al-Hasakah region, the activity focused on the Al-Hawl camp, where relatives of ISIS operatives are detained and which is secured by Kurdish forces.
    • Iraq: The relatively low level of ISIS activity continued, concentrating mainly in the Salah al-Din and Kirkuk provinces.
    • The Sinai Peninsula: The uptrend in ISIS activity continued, after a hiatus of several months. The activity was directed against the forces of the Egyptian army and Sinai Tribal Union, which supports it.
    • Africa: ISIS continued its intensive activity in Africa. Noteworthy attacks were carried out this week in Nigeria, especially in the northeast of the country, and in the Democratic Republic of Congo. The activity focused on security forces and Christian residents. In Mozambique, ISIS operatives attacked the island of Matemo, in the northeast of the country. According to ISIS’s Al-Naba’ weekly, which reported the incident, the attack dealt a serious blow to the tourism industry in Mozambique. In Mali, for the first time ever, ISIS’s Sahel Province claimed responsibility for an attack on a Malian army base near the Mali-Niger-Burkina Faso tri-border area.
    • Afghanistan: ISIS’s Khorasan Province recently launched a media campaign to attract ethnic minorities through the distribution of propaganda content in their own languages. At the same time, the attacks against the Taliban forces continued, albeit at a lower intensity than previously.
    • In the Philippines, there were heavy exchanges of fire between ISIS operatives and the Philippine army in the south of the country. A total of 39 ISIS operatives surrendered to the Philippine security forces.
    • The battle for hearts and minds: This week, too, the lead article in ISIS’s Al-Naba’ weekly was devoted to the death of ISIS’s leader. The author notes that history is repeating itself and that like ISIS’s leaders, the first four caliphs in Islam who succeeded Muhammad as leaders of the Islamic nation were assassinated one after the other after leading the Islamic nation for a few years. The article also mentions the delay in publishing the news of the leader’s death, which resulted from the orderly and proper steps that were taken on the ground. The author warns ISIS supporters not to be preoccupied with the identity of the new leader, apparently for fear of his personal safety, and voices threats against the United States.
    Israel
    Deadly ISIS-inspired attack
    • On March 22, 2022 at 16:10, a suspect armed with a knife arrived at a gas station on Hebron Road in Beersheba. He stabbed and killed a woman. He then continued on his way, running over and killing a cyclist. From there he proceeded to a shopping center across the road, got out of his vehicle, ran towards several people in a store and stabbed them. Civilians at the scene fired at him and neutralized him. The wounded were evacuated for medical care. Four people, two women and two men, were killed in the attack.
    • The perpetrator is Mohammad Ghaleb Ahmad Abu Al-Qian, 33, resident of Hura, a Bedouin township near Beersheba, and former teacher at Hura High School. On June 2, 2015, he was detained and confessed to supporting ISIS and attending meetings of ISIS supporters in Hura. He also admitted that he had planned to travel to Syria to join the ranks of ISIS, under the guise of making a pilgrimage to Saudi Arabia.  On June 28, 2015, charges were filed against him and he was sent to prison for four years. He was released from prison about 18 months ago.
    The Syrian arena
    Syrian provinces (freeworldmaps.net)
    Syrian provinces (freeworldmaps.net)

    The Idlib region

    • This week, exchanges of artillery fire continued between the Syrian army and the rebel forces in the southern part of the rebel enclave in Idlib (Syrian Observatory for Human Rights, March 16-20, 2022).
    The desert region (Al-Badia)
    • On March 21-22, 2022, there were exchanges of fire between ISIS operatives who tried to cut off the Syrian army’s supply lines to Syrian forces in the Rasafah Desert, about 40 km southwest of Al-Raqqah. Russian fighter jets supporting the Syrian army carried out airstrikes (Syrian Observatory for Human Rights, March 22, 2022).
    • On March 19, 2022, two Syrian soldiers were killed and two others were wounded by an IED activated against their car in the Homs Desert. The IED was apparently activated by ISIS operatives (npasyria.com, March 19, 2022).
    • On March 17, 2022, five fighters of the Al-Quds Brigade (Liwa al-Quds), a Palestinian militia supporting the Syrian regime, were killed in the Palmyra Desert while fighting against ISIS (Liwa Al-Quds Facebook page, March 17, 2022).
    The five Al-Quds Brigade fighters who were killed in the Palmyra Desert (Liwa Al-Quds Facebook page, March 17, 2022)
    The five Al-Quds Brigade fighters who were killed in the Palmyra Desert (Liwa Al-Quds Facebook page, March 17, 2022)
    Al-Hasakah region
    • On March 18, 2022, the Kurdish SDF forces detained several ISIS operatives in an operation in the Al-Hawl camp, where families of ISIS operatives are held (RUDAW, March 20, 2022).
    • On March 16, 2022, the Kurdish forces stepped up security measures in the Al-Hawl camp after two women held there managed to escape (Syrian Observatory for Human Rights, March 16, 2022).
    Deir ez-Zor-Al-Mayadeen
    • On March 14, 2022, an SDF vehicle was targeted by gunfire near the al-Sijan oilfield in the Dhiban region, about 3 km east of Al-Mayadeen. Four SDF fighters were killed (Telegram, March 16, 2022).
    The Iraqi arena


    Attacks by province[1]

    Salah al-Din Province
    • On March 17, 2022, a police post was targeted by gunfire west of Tuz Khormato, about 100 km northeast of Samarra. One policeman was killed and another was wounded.
    • On March 14, 2022, an Iraqi army post was targeted by gunfire north of Al-Taji, north of Baghdad. Two soldiers were killed and another was wounded.
    Kirkuk Province
    • On March 21, 2022, an Iraqi army post was targeted by gunfire near Albu Mohammad in the Daquq region, in south Kirkuk. One soldier was killed and another was wounded. Another force arriving on the scene to provide help was targeted by gunfire and a rocket was fired at the soldiers.
    ISIS operatives firing a rocket at the Iraqi army rescue force (Telegram, March 21, 2022)
    ISIS operatives firing a rocket at the Iraqi army rescue force (Telegram, March 21, 2022)


    On March 20, 2022, mortar shells were fired at an Iraqi police headquarters in the Daquq region (Telegram, March 20, 2022). A few days earlier, an Iraqi police post in the same area was targeted by gunfire. A policeman was wounded and a thermal camera was destroyed.

    • On March 16, 2022, an IED was activated against an Iraqi police vehicle in the Rashad region, about 40 km southwest of Kirkuk. The vehicle was destroyed and the passengers on board were killed or wounded.
    Sinai Peninsula
    ISIS’s activity
    • This week, there was an increase in the number of attacks by ISIS’s Sinai Province, after a downtrend of several months due to counterterrorism activity by the Egyptian army and the forces supporting it. Most of the attacks targeted the Egyptian army and the Sinai Tribal Union supporting the army forces. The following are noteworthy incidents:
    • On March 21, 2022, four Sinai Tribal Union fighters were killed and several others were wounded in an attack by armed men, apparently ISIS operatives, in Al-Ajraa, south of Rafah (Shahed Sinaa al-Rasmia Facebook page, March 21, 2022).
    • On March 21, 2022, a Sinai Tribal Union fighter was killed and another fighter was wounded in the explosion of an IED south of Sheikh Zuweid (Shahed Sinaa al-Rasmia Facebook page, March 21, 2022; Sinai Tribal Union Twitter account, March 22, 2022).
    • On March 21, 2022, an IED exploded while a Sinai Tribal Union force was conducting searches along the Al-Barth-Al-Joura road. One fighter was killed (Shahed Sinaa al-Rasmia Facebook page, March 21, 2022; Sinai Tribal Union Twitter account, March 21, 2022).
    • On March 20, 2022, a civilian was abducted by armed men, apparently ISIS operatives, at the Sheikh Zuweid beach. Two of his brothers managed to flee (Shahed Sinaa al-Rasmia Facebook page, March 20, 2022).
    • On March 18, 2022, an Egyptian major was killed and two soldiers were wounded in an exchange of fire with armed men, apparently ISIS operatives, in the Shibana region (Shahed Sinaa al-Rasmia Facebook page, March 18, 2022).
    • On March 21, 2022, Sinai Tribal Union fighters operating against ISIS killed two ISIS operatives in the Al-Barth region, south of Rafah (Shahed Sinaa al-Rasmia Facebook page, March 22, 2022).
    Sinai Province operatives pledge allegiance to ISIS’s new leader
    • ISIS’s Sinai Province released photos documenting its operatives pledging allegiance to ISIS’s new leader, Abu al-Hassan al-Hashemi al-Qurashi (Telegram, March 16, 2022).
    ISIS’s Sinai Province operatives pledging allegiance to ISIS’s new leader (Telegram, March 16, 2022)
    ISIS’s Sinai Province operatives pledging allegiance to ISIS’s new leader‌‌(Telegram, March 16, 2022)
    ISIS’s Sinai Province operatives pledging allegiance to ISIS’s new leader (Telegram, March 16, 2022)
    ISIS’s Sinai Province operatives pledging allegiance to ISIS’s new leader‌‌(Telegram, March 16, 2022)
    Summary of ISIS’s activity in the various provinces
    • An infographic published by ISIS summing up its activity around the world between March 10 and March 16, 2022, indicates that in this period, ISIS carried out 41 attacks in its various provinces in Asia and Africa, compared to 44 last week. The largest number of attacks was carried out in the Iraq Province (13). Attacks carried out in the other provinces: West Africa (10); Khorasan (i.e., Afghanistan) (6); Central Africa (6); Syria (4); East Asia (1); and Somalia (1). A total of 120 people were killed or wounded in the attacks, compared to 387 in the previous week. The largest number of casualties was in the West Africa Province (58). The other casualties were in the following provinces: Iraq (15); East Asia (14); West Africa (12), Khorasan (11); Syria (9); Somalia (1) (Al-Naba’ weekly, Telegram, March 17, 2022).
    ISIS’s attacks (Al-Naba' weekly, Telegram, March 17, 2022)
    ISIS’s attacks (Al-Naba’ weekly, Telegram, March 17, 2022)


    ISIS attacks in recent months (according to ISIS data)

    ISIS attacks in recent months (according to ISIS data)
    ISIS activity in Africa[2]
    • ISIS’s Central Africa Province released photos documenting its operatives pledging allegiance to ISIS’s new leader, Abu al-Hassan al-Hashemi al-Qurashi (Telegram, March 17, 2022).
    Operatives of ISIS’s Central Africa Province pledging allegiance (Telegram, March 17, 2022)
    Operatives of ISIS’s Central Africa Province pledging allegiance (Telegram, March 17, 2022)
    Operatives of ISIS’s Central Africa Province pledging allegiance (Telegram, March 17, 2022)
    Operatives of ISIS’s Central Africa Province pledging allegiance (Telegram, March 17, 2022)


    Nigeria

    • On March 22, 2022, an IED was activated against a Nigerian army patrol in Malam Fatori, in the Nigeria-Niger border area in northeastern Nigeria. Several soldiers were killed and wounded. An IED was activated also on March 18, 2022, against a Nigerian army foot patrol in the same area. An ATV was destroyed and several soldiers who were on board were killed or wounded. Two days before, an IED was activated against a Nigerian army foot patrol in the area, killing and wounding several soldiers. ISIS operatives also fired at the patrol, and the soldiers fled. On March 14, 2022, Nigerian soldiers near Malam Fatori were targeted by gunfire. Six soldiers were killed or wounded and the others fled.
    • On March 21, 2022, mortar shells were fired at a Nigerian army camp in Auno, in northeastern Nigeria. According to ISIS, definite hits were identified.
    • On March 20, 2022, mortar shells were fired at a Nigerian army camp in Jakana, about 100 km southwest of Lake Chad, in northeastern Nigeria. According to ISIS, definite hits were identified.
    • There were several incidents in the Wajiroko region, in northeastern Nigeria. On March 19, 2022, an IED was activated against a Nigerian army foot patrol. Three soldiers were killed and several others were wounded. A day earlier, an IED was activated against a Nigerian army patrol on the Sabon Gari-Wajiroko road. One vehicle was put out of commission and the passengers on board were wounded. On March 17, 2022, ISIS operatives activated an IED between Sabon Gari and Wajiroko. IEDs were activated against a Nigerian army armored vehicle on the Damboa-Wajiroko road. The vehicle was destroyed and the soldiers on board were wounded. On March 15, 2022, an IED was activated against a Nigerian army patrol on the Sabon Gari-Wajiroko road. A vehicle was put out of commission and five soldiers on board were killed or wounded.
    • On March 18, 2022, Nigerian army forces were targeted by gunfire in Bondarom, in northeastern Nigeria. One soldier was killed and several others were wounded.
    • On March 17, 2022, according to an anonymous source, operatives of ISIS’s West Africa Province abducted an employee of the Gubio central hospital, in northeastern Nigeria. A health system source confirmed the abduction (All Africa, March 17, 2022).
    The Democratic Republic of the Congo
    • On March 21, 2022, a Congolese army patrol was targeted by gunfire in Kassiki, about 50 km west of the Congo-Uganda border. Several soldiers were killed and wounded. ISIS operatives seized an RPG launcher and ammunition.
    • On March 21, 2022, a camp of militias loyal to the Congolese army was attacked in Abakulo, about 50 km west of the Congo-Uganda border. ISIS operatives abducted and killed a militia fighter. The others managed to flee. ISIS operatives set fire to homes in the village.
    • On March 19, 2022, forces of militias loyal to the Congolese army were targeted by gunfire in Missingui and Kota Narasabi, about 50 km west of the Congo-Uganda border. The militia fighters fled and ISIS operatives set fire to homes in the two villages.
    • On March 20, 2022, Christian residents were ambushed on the road to Comande, about 50 km west of the Congo-Uganda border. The residents fled, and a motorcycle was set on fire.
    • On March 19, 2022, a Congolese army foot patrol was targeted by gunfire in the Rwenzori region, in eastern Congo, not far from the border with Uganda and about 50 km east of Beni. The patrol soldiers fled.
    • On March 9, 2022, fighters of a militia loyal to the Congolese army were targeted by gunfire in the Idohu area in the Ituri region, about 50 km west of the Congo-Uganda border. ISIS operatives chased the fleeing militia fighters until they reached their villages and attacked them. At least 50 Christian residents were killed. About 20 homes were set on fire.
    Niger
    • A total of 21 people were killed and five were wounded in an attack carried out by jihadist elements, ISIS or Al-Qaeda operatives, against a bus and a truck in western Niger, not far from the Niger-Burkina Faso border. Two of the fatalities were policemen. The region is known as the epicenter of activity of ISIS and Al-Qaeda-affiliated elements (VOA, March 17, 2022).
    Burkina Faso
    • Armed jihadists apparently affiliated with Al-Qaeda or ISIS killed at least 13 Burkinan soldiers in the Gourma province in the east of the country (AP, March 21, 2022).
    Mozambique
    • ISIS operatives attacked the island of Matemo, in the Cabo Delgado Province, in northeastern Mozambique. There were exchanges of fire with a Mozambican army force and fighters of Christian militias supporting it. The Mozambican Air Force also took part in the fighting. Seven soldiers and militia fighters were killed and several others were wounded. The force fled the scene and ISIS operatives seized weapons and ammunition. ISIS’s Al-Naba’ weekly reported the incident, noting that it dealt the tourism industry in Mozambique a heavy blow since the island, along with several others, are tourist resorts frequented by Christians from all over the world. According to the weekly, ISIS operatives already attacked islands in the region serving as tourist resorts and managed to deal a severe blow to the Mozambican government tourism industry as well as the daily lives of the Christian residents (ISIS’s Al-Naba’ weekly, Telegram, March 17, 2022).
    ISIS operatives setting out to attack the island (Telegram, March 20, 2022).
    ISIS operatives setting out to attack the island (Telegram, March 20, 2022)
    The island of Matemo in the Cabo Delgado Province, in northeastern Mozambique (Google Earth).
    Right: The island of Matemo in the Cabo Delgado Province, in northeastern Mozambique (Google Earth)

    Weapons and ammunition seized by ISIS (Telegram, March 20, 2022)
    Weapons and ammunition seized by ISIS (Telegram, March 20, 2022)
    A building apparently broken into by ISIS operatives on the island of Matemo.
    A building apparently broken into by ISIS operatives on the island of Matemo (Telegram, March 20, 2022)


    Somalia

    • ISIS’s Somalia Province released a video showing a speaker (with his back to the camera) standing in front of dozens of ISIS operatives and confirming the death of the organization’s leader. The speaker stresses the importance of continuing jihad and threatens the West, claiming that ISIS will continue its activity. Later in the video, those present pledge allegiance to ISIS’s new leader (Telegram, March 18, 2022).
    Pictures from the pledge of allegiance video (Telegram, March 18, 2022)
    Pictures from the pledge of allegiance video (Telegram, March 18, 2022)
    Pictures from the pledge of allegiance video (Telegram, March 18, 2022)
    Pictures from the pledge of allegiance video (Telegram, March 18, 2022)


    On March 19, 2022, ISIS operatives activated an IED against the vehicle of a senior Somali government official in Mogadishu. The vehicle was destroyed and the official was wounded (Telegram, March 19, 2022).

    Mali
    • A Malian army base was attacked in Tissit, in the Gao region, about 130 km from the Mali-Niger-Burkina Faso tri-border area. ISIS operatives managed to take control of the base. Dozens of soldiers were killed and many others were wounded. ISIS operatives commandeered seven military vehicles, three of which were equipped with heavy machine guns. They seized weapons and ammunition. Before leaving the base, they set fire to it (Telegram, March 22, 2022).
    • ISIS’s Al-Sahel Province claimed responsibility for the attack. It should be noted that this is the first time that the Al-Sahel Province has claimed responsibility for an attack in the Mali-Niger-Burkina Faso border area. Up to now, ISIS’s West Africa Province has claimed responsibility for attacks in the region. This may be proof that this region has become an independent ISIS province.
    The attack on the Malian army base (Telegram, March 22, 2022)
    The attack on the Malian army base (Telegram, March 22, 2022)
    Asia
    Afghanistan
    • According to a report published by the CEP (Counter Extremism Project) in February 2022, since the withdrawal of international forces from Afghanistan in August 2021, the country has become one of the epicenters of global terrorist activity. Moreover, the Taliban administration does not live up to its commitment not to turn Afghanistan into a breeding ground for terrorism and continues to maintain ties with Al-Qaeda, which is led by the Haqqani network (an Islamic terrorist organization operating on the Pakistan-Afghanistan border) (www.counterextremism.com, February 14, 2022).
    ISIS’s Khorasan Province is attempting to attract ethnic minorities
    • ISIS’s Khorasan Province, which operates mainly in Afghanistan, has recently begun media efforts designed to attract ethnic minorities in Afghanistan, including the Uzbeks, Tajiks and Kyrgyz. These efforts consist mainly of distributing propaganda materials in the languages spoken by these minorities (eurasianet.org, March 17, 2022). It should be noted that the Taliban administration is affiliated mainly with the Pashtun nation and that ISIS is probably addressing the other ethnic minorities in an attempt to leverage the ethnic tension in the country for its own purposes.
    Khorasan Province operatives pledging allegiance to ISIS’s new leader
    • ISIS’s Khorasan Province has released a video documenting small groups of operatives (about four operatives) pledging allegiance to ISIS’s leader (Telegram, March 21, 2022). This may indicate that the province’s activity is carried out mainly by small squads.
    Operatives of ISIS’s Khorasan Province pledging allegiance to the organization's leader (Telegram, March 21, 2022)
    Operatives of ISIS’s Khorasan Province pledging allegiance to the organization’s leader (Telegram, March 21, 2022)
    Operatives of ISIS’s Khorasan Province pledging allegiance to the organization's leader (Telegram, March 21, 2022)
    Operatives of ISIS’s Khorasan Province pledging allegiance to the organization’s leader (Telegram, March 21, 2022)


    ISIS activity

    • At the same time, ISIS continued its terrorist activity against the Taliban. Several noteworthy incidents:
    • On March 17, 2022, a Taliban member was killed in Lashkarkah, in the Helmand Province in southern Afghanistan. His weapon and the motorcycle he was riding were seized (Telegram, March 17, 2022).
    • On March 15, 2022, a position of the Taliban forces was targeted by gunfire in Saadabad, in the Kunar Province in northeastern Afghanistan. A Taliban member was killed and another was wounded (Telegram, March 17, 2022).
    • On March 15, 2022, an IED was activated against a Talban vehicle in Bassul, in the Nangarhar Province. The vehicle was put out of commission and the five people on board were killed or wounded (Telegram, March 16, 2022).
    Pakistan
    • According to security sources in Pakistan’s Punjab Province, with the arrest of five suspects, an attempt by Al-Qaeda-affiliated elements in Pakistan to carry out attacks against several Pakistani government buildings and security personnel was thwarted (theprint.in, March 19, 2022).
    ISIS activity
    • On March 16, 2022, a Pakistani intelligence official was targeted by gunfire in Rawalpindi, south of Islamabad (Telegram, March 17, 2022).
    • On March 15, 2022, a Pakistani policeman was targeted by gunfire in Peshawar, in western Pakistan, not far from the border with Afghanistan (Telegram, March 16, 2022).
    The Philippines
    • According to an article in ISIS’s Al-Naba’ weekly, there were severe clashes on February 28, 2022 between ISIS operatives and Philippine soldiers in Lanao del Sur, in the southern Philippines. According to the article, four soldiers were killed and at least 10 others were wounded. ISIS operatives seized Philippine army weapons and ammunition (Al-Naba’, Telegram, March 17, 2022).
    Article about the incident in the southern Philippines in ISIS’s Al-Naba’ weekly (Al-Naba’, Telegram, March 17, 2022)
    Article about the incident in the southern Philippines in ISIS’s Al-Naba’ weekly (Al-Naba’, Telegram, March 17, 2022)

    On March 18, 2022, a security source in the Philippines reported that 39 ISIS-affiliated operatives had surrendered to the Philippine security forces in the southern Philippines. The operatives handed over their weapons and IEDs (www.philstar.com, March 20, 2022).

    Morocco
    • Moroccan authorities arrested five suspected ISIS operatives in several cities in Morocco. The five reportedly had planned to carry out attacks against local security forces and government officials (moroccoworldnews, March 16, 2022).
    Turkey
    • Eight ISIS operatives who hold foreign citizenship have been detained by Turkish security forces in Ankara (NP, March 18, 2022).
    The battle for hearts and minds
    • This week as well, the lead article in Al-Naba’ was devoted to the death of ISIS’s leader, and was entitled “In the Way of the First Righteous Caliphs.” The author of the article notes that history is repeating itself and that like ISIS’s leaders, the first four caliphs in Islam (Al-Rashidoun) who succeeded the Prophet of Islam, Muhammad, as leaders of the Islamic nation, were assassinated one after another after leading the Islamic nation for a few years. The author expresses his regret that ISIS’s previous leader, “who died in a heroic war,” is not praised the way the righteous caliphs were praised by members of the Islamic nation after their deaths. In his eyes, this is hypocrisy.
    • As for the speculations that arose regarding the delay in publishing the news of the death of the leader, Abu Ibrahim al-Hashemi Al-Qurashi, the author claims that this is not an actual delay, but rather an orderly and proper step that was taken. According to him, about a week after the leader’s death, the Shura Council pledged allegiance to the new leader, after which members of ISIS’s military and media bureaus pledged allegiance to him, followed by operatives of the various provinces. The author adds that the death of ISIS’s former official spokesman, Abu Hamza al-Qurashi, was not known to people close to ISIS and to the world’s intelligence personnel, and that it also surprised all of those who think they know everything about what is happening within ISIS. The author also warns ISIS supporters not to be preoccupied with the identity of the new leader, for fear of his personal safety.
    • According to the author, ISIS’s leader was assassinated by the United States in order to overshadow the joy of the Muslims around the globe after the incidents in Al-Sinaa-Ghuwayran prison which, according to the author, was ISIS’s “greatest heroic event” led by Abu Ibrahim al-Hashemi al-Qurashi. He notes that by assassinating the leader, the United States did not achieve any victory over ISIS. Moreover, ISIS is fighting around the globe, from Syria to India and Mozambique, while the Christians are becoming divided (an implied reference to the Russian invasion of Ukraine) and they are likely to be even more divided in the future (Al-Naba’ weekly, Telegram, March 17, 2022).
    The article as it appeared in Al-Naba’ weekly (Al-Naba’ weekly, Telegram, March 17, 2022)
    The article as it appeared in Al-Naba’ weekly‌‌(Al-Naba’ weekly, Telegram, March 17, 2022)

    [1] Mostly according to ISIS’s claims of responsibility posted on Telegram ↑
    [2] Mainly according to ISIS's claims of responsibility posted on Telegram

    SOURCE: The Meir Amit Intelligence and Terrorism Information Center

    Evarist Chahali

    Evarist Chahali

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